Before 1810, silver capitalism made New Spain the richest kingdom in the Americas. Then in 1808, the judicial regime pivotal to stabilizing its inequities fell to militarized powers. Two years later, insurgents took arms to claim sustenance and then land, breaking commercial cultivation, mining, and global trades.
This talk explores the pivotal political, economic, social, and gender transformations that preceded the break with Spain—and made the construction of the Mexico envisioned in Iguala impossible.
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